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What are the symptoms of osteoarthritis?

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Quick Answer

The symptoms of osteoarthritis include joint pain and tenderness, flexibility loss, joint stiffness and bone spurs, according to Mayo Clinic. Typically, the symptoms develop gradually and worsen with time.

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When the symptoms of osteoarthritis, such as joint stiffness and pain, fail to disappear after a couple of weeks, it is advisable to seek medical attention, says Mayo Clinic. Before visiting a doctor, a patient should record all the symptoms he experiences, his medical history, his family's medical history, and the medications and dietary supplements he takes. The doctor may also ask when the patient began to experience joint pain, if the joint has sustained injury, whether the pain is constant or sporadic, and which activities exacerbate or improve the condition.

Osteoarthritis is a form of arthritis that results from the wearing down of the cartilage that protects the bone ends, notes Mayo Clinic. It commonly attacks the hand joints, spinal joints, knee joints and hip joints; however, it can attack any joint in the body. Although the condition has no cure, the patient can improve joint pain and function and slow down the development of osteoarthritis by staying active and maintaining a healthy body weight. Treatments such as physical therapy, occupational therapy and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs also help alleviate symptoms.

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