Normal symptoms that occur after cataract surgery include mild irritation, according to WebMD. Other normal, postoperative symptoms include tearing and sensitivity to light. The eye may also itch, states Mayo Clinic, and the patient's vision may be blurry for a brief period of time.
Possible long-term symptoms include clouding of the capsule, which is the lining of the lens of the eye, says WebMD. To deal with discomfort, the patient's doctor might recommend over-the-counter pain medications, including NSAIDS such as ibuprofen. Other pain relievers such as acetaminophen can also be taken. If the patient finds that light bothers his eyes, he can wear dark glasses until the sensitivity is gone. The patient should also not rub his eye while it heals, even if it itches, explains Mayo Clinic. He can wear an eye patch and a shield during the night to protect the eye as it heals.
The doctor also prescribes eyedrops to ensure the eye heals properly and does not become infected, states WebMD. The eyedrops keep pressure inside of the eye stable, according to Mayo Clinic. The patient should be diligent when it comes to keeping appointments with his surgeon after the operation and contact the doctor if he experiences symptoms such as vision loss or light flashes.