Symptoms of neuropathy include tingling and numbness in the hands or feet, heightened sensitivity to touch, sharp, burning or jabbing pain and falling or lack of coordination, according to Mayo Clinic. If the motor nerves are involved in the neuropathy, muscle paralysis or weakness may also occur.
When neuropathy affects the autonomic nerves, other symptoms may arise, including changes in blood pressure that cause the sufferer to become lightheaded or dizzy. Digestive problems and issues with the bladder or bowels may also occur. Additional symptoms of neuropathy that affects the autonomic nerves include changes in perspiration and intolerance of heat.
Neuropathy has the potential to affect one or more nerves throughout different areas. Certain factors predispose individuals to neuropathy, including vitamin deficiencies caused by alcoholism, autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus and exposure to poisons. One of the most common factors among those with neuropathy is diabetes; nearly half of diabetics develop the condition in some form over time.
Neuropathy is treated with pain relievers, including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and stronger medications such as oxycodone or Ultram. Antiseizure medications, such as Lyrica or neurontin, may also be used. Therapies such as transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation or TENS may also be recommended.