What Are Some Symptoms of Nephrolithiasis?


Quick Answer

Symptoms of nephrolithiasis, or kidney stones, include severe back and side pain below the ribs, pain during urination, nausea, vomiting and the frequent need to urinate, according to Mayo Clinic. Patients may urinate more often than usual or in smaller amounts, and the urine may be pink, brown or red in color.

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Full Answer

A kidney stone may cause no symptoms until it shifts within the kidney or passes to the ureter, and symptoms may change in type or intensity depending on the location of the stone, states Mayo Clinic. Pain may come in waves, and it may radiate to the groin and lower abdomen. Urine may be cloudy or foul-smelling, and the patient may experience fever or chills in the case of infection. Patients should contact a doctor if they are concerned about any signs or symptoms.

Certain symptoms require immediate medical attention and include difficulty passing urine, blood in the urine, pain with fever and chills, and pain with nausea and vomiting, according to Mayo Clinic. Patients should also seek medical help if they have pain so severe they can't find a comfortable position or sit in one place for long. Although passing a kidney stone is painful, it normally causes no permanent damage.

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