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What are the symptoms of myocardial ischemia?

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Quick Answer

Symptoms of myocardial ischemia include thoracic pain, thoracic pressure, jaw ache, increased pulse rate and pain in the arms, according to Mayo Clinic. Patients with myocardial ischemia may also experience nausea accompanied by vomiting, fatigue and perspiration. Myocardial ischemia may fail to cause symptoms in some patients.

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Full Answer

It is advisable to seek immediate medical care when the symptoms of myocardial ischemia persist so that the patient can receive diagnosis and treatment to avoid possible complications, such as heart attack, heart failure and arrhythmia, notes Mayo Clinic. To diagnose myocardial ischemia, a doctor may first ask about the symptoms that the patient experiences; how long the symptoms have lasted; the patient's family history of heart conditions, such as hypertension and heart disease; and severity of the symptoms. He may then order further tests to determine the exact cause of the condition, including electrocardiogram, coronary angiography, nuclear scan and cardiac CT scan, before recommending a suitable treatment option.

Myocardial ischemia is a condition in which the heart loses its normal ability to pump blood to various body parts due to insufficient oxygen supply, explains Mayo Clinic. The insufficient oxygen supply occurs due to insufficient blood supply to the heart resulting from an obstruction in the coronary arteries. The obstruction of the arteries may occur due to blood clotting and coronary artery disease, which causes accumulation of cholesterol on the arterial walls.

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