Mycoplasma infection, also known as walking pneumonia, typically causes flu-like symptoms such as cough, fever, aches and sore throat, according to WebMD. The infection is caused by the bacteria Mycoplasma pneumoniae, reports the Centers for Disease Control.
A Mycoplasma infection cough is sometimes violent, notes WebMD, but often not productive. A sore throat may accompany the cough. Walking pneumonia frequently presents with mild symptoms, similar to the flu, such as chills, fever, headache, weakness and fatigue. Weakness due to Mycoplasma infection lingers after other symptoms subside. A rash or ear infection are also occasional symptoms of walking pneumonia.
The symptoms of Mycoplasma infection are sometimes so mild that medical attention is never sought and the infection clears up on its own without treatment. When diagnosis occurs, treatment consists of antibiotics, with mild cases receiving no treatment at all, states WebMD.
Mycoplasma infection is considered to be a community-acquired pneumonia, meaning most exposures happen outside of a hospital environment, according to the CDC. Walking pneumonia occurs most frequently in children and young adults, as schools and dormitories are excellent habitats for the bacteria. Fortunately, states WebMD, Mycoplasma infection is among the least serious forms of pneumonia, and since individuals are contagious for only about a week, it is not quick to spread.