What Are the Symptoms of a Multinodular Goiter?


Quick Answer

Multinodular goiters normally cause no symptoms, as reported by You & Your Hormones. In some instances, the goiter may cause pain, discomfort, difficulty breathing or difficulty swallowing. A multinodular goiter refers to an enlarged thyroid with multiple separate lumps, or nodules.

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Full Answer

Multinodule goiters are normally not visible, as stated by You & Your Hormones. A rapid increase in goiter size can cause pain due to sudden blood or fluid build-up. Less commonly, pain may occur as the result of a thyroid tumor. Very large goiters may cause difficulty breathing, thus requiring surgical removal. Although multinodular goiters that cause no symptoms are generally harmless, patients with goiters should see a doctor for periodic thyroid testing.

To diagnose multinodular goiter, a doctor looks over the patient's personal medical history and family history, examines the patient for physical signs of goiter, and tests hormone levels in the blood, as confirmed by You & Your Hormones. Although most patients require no treatment, a doctor may prescribe medications to treat symptoms of an overactive or underactive thyroid, such as thyroxine, carbimazole or radioiodine. Individuals who think they may have multinodular goiter or other thyroid problems should make an appointment with their doctor for testing and treatment.

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