Some early symptoms of multiple sclerosis include blurred or double vision, impaired balance, numbness, tingling and thinking complications. A doctor is likely to diagnose the condition by using tests such as a neurological examination, a spinal tap and an eye exam, notes Healthline.
Multiple sclerosis or MS is a condition in which the immune system mistakenly attacks the protective sheath that covers the nerves, according to Mayo Clinic. When this sheath is damaged, communication between the brain and other parts of the body are compromised leading to complications.
MS often affects individuals between the ages of 15 and 60, those with a family history of the condition and smokers. Other risk factors associated with this condition include being female, having certain infections, living in a temperate climate and having other autoimmune diseases.
Individuals affected by this condition are likely to experience numbness because the brain may sometimes fail to send signals to various parts of the body. Other symptoms associated with the condition include tremors, lack of coordination, pain, slurred speech, dizziness, fatigue, electric-shock sensations that occur with certain movements of the neck and bladder or bowel complications.
The patient's history, blood tests, an MRI and a spinal tap are some of the tests doctors use to ascertain the condition. The use of corticosteroids, plasma exchange, muscle relaxants and physical therapy are some of the treatment options available for MS.