Symptoms of mild leaking in the mitral valve include shortness of breath, fatigue, heart palpitations and swelling around the ankles, says Mayo Clinic. Patients may experience a heart murmur, which is the turbulent flow of blood through the heart, when they suffer from the condition.
Leaking in the mitral valve may cause shortness of breath when a patient engages in strenuous activity and while resting at night, according to WebMD. Other symptoms include the buildup of fluid in the legs and feet and general fatigue and weakness, even when an individual is not active. A physical exam on the patient may also reveal bulging neck veins, states MedlinePlus.
Patients may feel lightheaded and have palpitations when they suffer from mitral valve regurgitation. Heart palpitations may feel like the heart is racing, pounding in the chest or as though the heart is skipping a beat, explains WebMD. Rapid breathing, coughing and increased urination, especially at night, are symptomatic of the condition. While checking the patient’s heart, a physician may detect crackles in the lungs if fluid backs up into the lungs, says MedlinePlus.
The progress of mitral valve regurgitation is often slow and mild, and patients tend to be unaware of the condition. In some instances, the condition may progress rapidly with the sudden onset of symptoms, Mayo Clinic reports.