An individual suffering from a migraine headache experiences pain on one or both sides of the head, a pulsating and throbbing pain, blurred vision and sensitivity to sounds, smells and light, according to Mayo Clinic. Some patients suffer from lightheadness or fainting and nausea and vomiting when suffering from a migraine.
A few days before the onset of a migraine headache, the individual may become irritable and hyperactive and experience food cravings, neck stiffness, uncontrollable yawning, depression and constipation, explains Mayo Clinic. An aura can occur before the headache strikes. An aura episode causes an individual to feel sensations in the arms or legs, develop speech or language problems, or experience vision loss or visual phenomena that produce flashes of light, bright spots or various shapes in the line of vision.
A migraine that remains untreated can last from four to 72 hours, explains Mayo Clinic. Some patients experience fatigue immediately following a migraine headache. Individuals who suffer from a fever, mental confusion, double vision or weakness or experience seizures in addition to migraine headache symptoms should seek medical attention to evaluate serious medical issues.
Risk factors for a migraine headache may include family history, gender, hormonal changes or age, according to Mayo Clinic. Women and adolescents are more prone to migraine headaches, but the condition can affect people at any age.