The symptoms of microscopic colitis include nausea, bowel incontinence, abdominal cramps and persistent, watery diarrhea, says Mayo Clinic. Although the symptoms may disappear on their own, medications such as steroids may be necessary if they persist. In severe cases, partial or complete surgical removal of the colon is applicable.
Patients should seek immediate medical attention when they experience persistent diarrhea, according to Mayo Clinic. Before visiting a doctor, the patient should have a record of the symptoms he experiences including the time the symptoms appeared and their progress over time, a record of drugs and supplements he takes, and a record of his medical history. The patient should also stick to any preappointment conditions, which may include avoiding solid foods a day prior to the appointment. To alleviate diarrhea before the appointment, the patient can resort to dietary changes that include eating low-fat foods while avoiding spices, dairy foods and alcohol.
Microscopic colitis is a condition in which the colon becomes swollen, leading to chronic, watery diarrhea, notes Mayo Clinic. Although the exact cause of this condition is unclear, scholars believe that it occurs as a result of toxic bacteria that cause irritation on the colon lining, inflammation causing viruses, medications that cause colon lining irritation, and autoimmune system disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis.