The symptoms of a macular pucker include blurred vision, trouble seeing fine details, difficulty reading small print and seeing straight lines as wavy, according to National Eye Institute. While some patients experience severe vision loss, others experience no vision loss at all.
A macular pucker refers to a scar tissue that occurs on the macula, which is a part of the eye that is responsible for central vision. The condition occurs when the retina receives damage during the vitreous detachment. The damaged retina heals, leaving a scar tissue over the retinal surface or the macula. While the scar tissue that forms on the retinal surface does not distort the central vision, the scar tissue that forms on the macula impairs the central vision.
This condition typically attacks one eye and does not exacerbate the patient's vision in most cases. Although the patient may not need treatment, especially when macular pucker manifests in mild symptoms, he may need to undergo vitrectomy when his vision worsens, rendering him unable to perform regular activities, such as reading and driving. Vitrectomy involves a surgical replacement of the vitreous gel with a salt solution. After the surgery, patients must wear an eye patch and use eyedrops so the eye does not become infected.