The symptoms of lupus include headache, fever, painful joints, chest pain during breathing, hair loss, blood clotting, ulcers, high light sensitivity, fatigue, anemia, and white or blue color on the fingers when cold. These symptoms appear and go during the course of the disease. Typically, people may have different symptoms of the disease and it may also depend on the part of the body that is affected.
Also known as systemic lupus erythematosus, lupus is a health condition that affects the immune system. The immune system is responsible for protecting the body from foreign invaders. In lupus, the immune response acts against tissues found in different parts of the body. This condition leads to damage to the tissues and illness. Both men and women can contract lupus, but women are more vulnerable, accounting for 90 percent of lupus patients, as stated by WebMD.
People with lupus usually have a low number of platelets, red blood cells and white blood cells. The main cause of lupus is unknown, although it may be triggered by certain medication, sunlight and certain infections. People with inherited strains of lupus may contact lupus when they contact the triggers of lupus. Typically, the cause of lupus is a combination of both genetic and environmental factors.
The main symptom of lupus is fatigue. Patients with lupus often feel extremely tired no matter how much sleep they get, states WebMD. They may need to take naps or rest often throughout the day to complete their normal daily activities. Patients may even have to change their daily routines due to their extreme fatigue.
Lupus patients often feel joint pain in their hands and feet, states WebMD. The pain and swelling in the joints also may jump from joint to joint very quickly. Over time, the constant joint pain and swelling can damage the joints.
Typically patients with this disease develop skin rashes on the face, wrists and hands, WebMD reports. Butterfly rash, a common rash developed by lupus patients, appears on the bridge of the nose and covers the cheeks. Less common symptoms of lupus include high temperatures, swollen lymph nodes, hair loss, depression, dry eyes, headaches, fluid retention and shortness of breath.