Symptoms of liver disease include a yellowish appearance of the skin and eyes, itchy skin, chronic fatigue, dark urine and abdominal pain, according to the Mayo Clinic. Medical attention is necessary when these symptoms persist, especially in the event of severe abdominal pain.
Cirrhosis, a type of liver disease often caused by alcohol abuse, can lead to failure of this vital organ. The early stage of cirrhosis typically goes unnoticed. However, symptoms such as bruising easily and painful swelling of the legs can appear as the disease progresses, states the American Liver Foundation.
Complications often arise from cirrhosis of the liver, according to WebMD. Cirrhosis causes scarring of the liver, which impedes blood flow through the organ and leads to an increase in pressure within the vessel that transports blood from the digestive organs to the liver. This pressure can cause bleeding and severe hemorrhaging in the abdomen. Another complication of cirrhosis is confused thinking, which is caused by toxins from the intestines entering the bloodstream. Normally, the liver removes these toxins.
Liver disease can lead to chronic liver failure, which may necessitate a liver transplant, explains the American Liver Foundation. After a successful liver transplant, most patients can return to a regular lifestyle within a year.