The symptoms of labyrinthitis include vertigo, dizziness, loss of balance, vomiting and nausea, according to Healthline. Some patients also experience difficulty focusing their eyes, loss of hearing at high frequencies in one ear, and tinnitus, a constant ringing or buzzing in the ear.
Labyrinthitis is an inflammation of one of the vestibular nerves in the inner ear, Healthline explains. The vestibular nerves send information related to head movement to the brain.
Causes linked to labyrinthitis include a variety of viruses that affect the inner ear and stomach as well as the herpes virus, Healthline reports. Bacterial infections and respiratory illnesses can lead to a case of labyrinthitis.
Some people are at greater risk of developing labyrinthitis, such as smokers and individuals who drink large amounts of alcohol, Healthline notes. People who experience allergies, fatigue or extreme stress are more likely to develop the condition, as well as those who take particular medications, especially aspirin.
The treatment options for labyrinthitis include antihistamines, anti-nausea medication steroids, antibiotics and sedatives, Healthline states. Although the symptoms generally clear up after a few weeks, the vertigo and nausea associated with the condition can affect the patient's ability to continue a regular routine. Behavioral techniques to cope with the vertigo helps some patients until the symptoms go away.