The symptoms of an inflamed duodenum include abdominal pain and bloating, appetite loss and nausea, which may or may not be accompanied by vomiting, according to Healthgrades. An individual with an inflamed duodenum may also experience life-threatening symptoms, such as blood in the stool and vomiting blood. The symptoms of duodenum inflammation may occur occasionally or continuously.
It is advisable to visit a doctor immediately when the symptoms of inflamed duodenum appear to ensure early diagnosis and treatment, notes Healthgrades. Early treatment may help to prevent complications, such as secondary pancreatitis, perforated peptic ulcers, intestinal hemorrhage and abdominal inflammation.
Inflamed duodenum is a condition in which the duodenal lining becomes swollen, usually as a result of H pylori infection, states Healthgrades. The condition is also known as duodenitis. Although rare, duodenitis may also result from radiotherapy, Crohn's disease and long-term nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug usage. To diagnose duodenitis, a doctor may order a blood test, stool test and urine test. A further upper endoscopy test may be necessary to determine the presence of H pylori.
Depending on the underlying cause of duodenitis, treatment options for the condition may include antibiotic medications, such as clarithromycin, metronidazole and amoxicillin, and proton pump inhibitors, such as omeprazole, lansoprazole and pantoprazole, explains Healthgrades. Use of histamine H2-receptor antagonists, such as nizatidine, cimetidine and ranitidine, may also treat the condition.