What Are the Symptoms of an Inflamed Bowel?


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According to Mayo Clinic, symptoms of an inflamed bowel include fever, abdominal pain, bloody stools, fatigue, diarrhea, weight loss and decreased appetite. Ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease are the most prevalent causes of inflamed bowels. It is not uncommon for people with inflammatory bowel disease to experience symptoms at varying levels of severity or to undergo bouts of intense illness punctuated by asymptomatic periods of health.

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Ulcerative colitis can affect several areas of the bowels, and the corresponding symptoms of each location vary, notes Mayo Clinic. For example, pancolitis is a form of ulcerative colitis that occurs in the whole stretch of the colon and generates a list of symptoms, while ulcerative proctitis is localized to the rectum and may only result in rectal bleeding as a symptom. Ulcerative proctitis is considered the most mild form of colitis, but the other forms such as left-sided colitis generally cause a patient to experience bloody diarrhea, abdominal cramping and weight loss.

As of 2014, the exact cause of inflammatory bowel disease is unknown, but it is believed that heredity is partially responsible. IBD may also occur as an autoimmune response to invasive bacteria that causes the body to begin attacking its own digestive system. People with symptoms of IBD are encouraged to visit a family doctor or gastroenterologist to analyze signs of illness and determine an appropriate treatment plan, states Mayo Clinic.

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