Some symptoms of indigestion include the need to belch, bloating and a burning sensation in the stomach, as stated by WebMD. Patients can usually treat these symptoms at home, although there are times when further investigations are necessary.
Patients suffering from indigestion may experience:
- Belching or the urge to belch
- Trapped gas
- Vomiting and/or nausea
- An acidic taste in their mouths
- A grumbling stomach, or a burning sensation in the stomach
- Abdominal pain
- Heartburn, which is a burning sensation deep in the chest
Patients should remain vigilant when experiencing heartburn, as pain in the chest is a symptom of more concerning conditions, like a heart attack or angina. Individuals who are unsure as to what the cause is should contact a doctor. To alleviate the symptoms of indigestion, eating low-fat foods and trying not to eat too much is recommended. Patients may also want to reduce stress and fatigue, and they may also need to quit smoking and reduce the amount of alcohol they drink.
In some cases, indigestion arises because of an underlying condition. This includes gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, which is characterized by the sphincter between the esophagus and stomach not closing fully, causing acid to reflux into the esophagus. As such, patients with ongoing symptoms that do not respond to lifestyle changes should consult a doctor.