According to the Mayo Clinic, the primary symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease include diarrhea, abdominal cramping, nausea, vomiting, bloody stool, lack of appetite and weight loss, coupled with a frequent/urgent need to have a bowel movement. Additionally, it can cause ulcers, canker sores, fever, fatigue, joint pain, inflammation of the eyes, as well as liver and kidney dysfunction.
Other symptoms of IBD are bloody diarrhea, constipation, dehydration, shock, ruptured colon and toxic megacolon, in which the colon expands rapidly, states Mayo Clinic. Inflammatory bowel disease is a term used for a group of diseases that inflame the digestive tract, according to WebMD.
These diseases include Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, and less often collagenous colitis and lymphocytic colitis, according to Mayo Clinic. The symptoms of IBD vary depending on the disease and sub-type of disease. There are five types of ulcerative colitis that are classified according to symptoms and areas of inflammation: ulcerative proctitis, proctosigmoiditis, left-sided colitis, pancolitis and fulminant colitis. For both Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, symptoms vary from mild to severe, depending on the individual, and can come and go over the course of several years.