Symptoms of hypoparathyroidism include muscle aches or cramps; tingling or numbness in the fingertips, toes, and lips; and muscle spasms, according to Healthline. Other symptoms include dry skin, fatigue and seizures.
Hypoparathyroidism is a medical condition where the parathyroid glands do not produce enough parathyroid hormone, notes Healthline. Parathyroid hormone is vital to regulating the body’s level of calcium, controls phosphorus levels and helps to produce vitamin D. Low levels of parathyroid hormone result in low calcium levels and high phosphorus levels in the body.
Diagnosing hypoparathyroidism usually requires a medical history by a physician, with particular emphasis placed on existing symptoms and past surgeries that may have involved the thyroid gland or neck, notes Mayo Clinic. The physician also may order a complete physical examination to look for signs or complications that may indicate the existence of hypoparathyroidism. A blood test usually is conducted to look for low levels of calcium, parathyroid hormone, phosphorus and magnesium.
Treatment involves relieving symptoms and bringing calcium and phosphorus levels back to normal by prescribing oral calcium supplements and vitamin D, explains Mayo Clinic. In some cases, dietary changes are recommended and include a calcium-rich and low-phosphorus diet. In cases where the patient needs immediate relief, an intravenous infusion of calcium may be ordered. Regardless of treatment, the physician may conduct regular blood tests to monitor calcium and phosphorus levels.