Symptoms of osteoarthritis include pain in the joints during or after moving, tenderness when applying pressure, stiffness after lengthy inactivity, and the loss of flexibility or range of motion, according to Mayo Clinic. Other symptoms include the sensation of bone grating during activity and the presence of bone spurs near the joint.
Osteoarthritis is a form of arthritis caused by the wearing down of the protective layer of cartilage that covers the ends of bones, explains Mayo Clinic. It is the most common form of arthritis, and it generally affects joints in the hands, knees, hips and spine. Symptoms tend to slowly progress, and then get worse over time.
Although there is no cure for osteoarthritis; however, various treatment options can help alleviate pain and discomfort. Lifestyle changes, such as rest, allow the joints time to recover from swelling, notes WebMD. Maintaining a healthy weight helps reduce the stress on joints and allows the patient to be more active. Regular exercise helps alleviate and minimize pain, while improving balance.
Medications such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, naproxen and opioids work to reduce pain and swelling. Physical or occupational therapy, including heat and cold, range of motion, and flexibility therapy can help manage pain, according to Arthritis Foundation. In the most severe cases, joint surgery repair or replacement may be necessary.