Symptoms of hip dysplasia, according to Sharp Healthcare Center in San Diego, include difficulty walking, limping, a clicking sound when walking, pain in the groin, outer buttock or thigh, leg weakness and limited range of motion in the hip region. These symptoms can range from mild to severe and depend on several factors, including age, activity level and weight.
The International Hip Dysplasia Institute estimates that 10 percent of all total hip replacements performed in the United States, or about 35,000 annually, are due to hip dysplasia. Hip dysplasia is also the most common cause of hip arthritis in young women, while men make up about 20 percent of hip dysplasia patients. The condition may be diagnosed as early as infancy, because hip instability is very common in newborn babies.
The Mayo Clinic lists a number of treatment options, which depend on the age of the person being treated as well as the extent of the hip damage. Infants are typically treated with a brace that helps hold the ball of the joint in place for months at a time. In older children and adults, treatment may require surgery to correct the damage by removing a portion of the hip bone. In severe cases where the hip is extremely damages, total hip replacement is the recommended option.