Symptoms of a hernia include swelling beneath the skin of the groin or abdomen, particularly swelling that disappears upon lying down, states WebMD. Other symptoms include a heavy feeling in the abdomen, constipation or blood in the stool, and discomfort in the groin or abdomen when bending over or lifting.
Most hernias present similar symptoms and are either inguinal, femoral, incisional, epigastric or umbilical hernias, according to WebMD. Hiatal hernias present with similar symptoms, but also include heartburn and upper abdominal pain. Large or serious hernias may be particularly painful, especially when coughing or lifting something heavy.
Those with a hernia that won’t go back in when lying down or when pressure is applied on the swollen area may have an incarcerated hernia, according to WebMD. This is a serious medical emergency and one that can lead to organ strangulation. Those with this type of hernia need to visit a hospital right away. Individuals who are nauseated, vomiting, constipated or unable to pass gas may have an obstruction of strangulated hernia and also need immediate medical attention.
A hernia occurs when an organ or fatty tissue squeezes through a weak spot in the muscle or tissue called a fascia, states WebMD. Hernias are typically caused by a combination of pressure and the presence of a fascia. Some people are born with this type of muscle weakness, while others develop this weakness, and therefore a susceptibility for hernias, later in life. A hernia is a serious condition and often requires medical attention to heal properly.