Mayo Clinic lists symptoms of hemorrhoids as including rectal pain, itching and swelling around the anus, bloody stools, fecal leakage, and irritated lumps around the anus. Internal hemorrhoids commonly do not produce any symptoms except bleeding during bowel movements. External hemorrhoids are much more problematic when they become engorged and form a thrombus. Mayo Clinic recommends seeing a doctor to rule out other possible causes of associated symptoms.
Some of the symptoms caused by hemorrhoids are also linked to other more concerning health issues, such as colorectal cancer and anal cancer, warns Mayo Clinic. It is imperative to seek medical care immediately if the nature of a person's bowel movements changes or stools appear black and tarry, as these are signs of internal bleeding in the digestive tract. Painful stools accompanied by dizziness are an additional health concern.
Mayo Clinic explains that if a patient is diagnosed with hemorrhoids, he can take steps at home to mitigate the irritation and heal the growths, such as using wet wipes with witch hazel, installing a sitz bath in the home toilet, applying over-the-counter medicated creams containing hydrocortizone to the area, and using anti-inflammatory oral medications, such as ibuprofen and naproxen. It is important to be gentle with the area, keep it clean and avoid the use of irritating soaps.