Symptoms for heart problems are often treated right away if a heart attack is suspected and may include oxygen therapy, aspirin to help thin the blood and nitroglycerin to improve blood flow throughout the coronary arteries, according to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. People with heart problems may also be treated with beta blockers, ACE inhibitors, blood thinners and anticlotting medications.
Beta blockers are medications that help reduce chest pain and decrease the workload on the heart, explains the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. ACE inhibitors work to reduce strain on the heart and lower blood pressure, which slows down the weakening of heart muscles. Blood thinners are often used to treat heart problems, as these medications help prevent clots from forming in the arteries. Anticlotting medications such as aspirin or clopidogrel work to stop blood platelets from forming blood clots.
Patients with blocked arteries may undergo a nonsurgical procedure that involves inserting a small tube with a balloon to help restore blood flow throughout the blocked artery, according to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. In extreme cases, it may be necessary to undergo bypass surgery to unblock clogged arteries or repair damage from a heart attack.