Gestational diabetes develops during pregnancy and affects how cells use sugar. It is very rare for women with gestational diabetes to display any symptoms. Instead, WebMD asserts that most women learn they have this condition through routine pregnancy screenings. In rare, more severe cases, WebMD includes symptoms such as increased urination, increased feelings of hunger and increased thirst as possible indicators.
Experts at the Mayo Clinic stress that it is important to monitor and maintain blood sugar levels to ensure the health of the baby as well as to avoid complications during pregnancy and delivery. Potential treatment strategies provided by the Mayo Clinic include monitoring blood sugar levels, maintaining a healthy diet, regular physical activity, medication and close monitoring of the baby during pregnancy.
Late delivery may increase the risk of complications for both mother and baby. The Mayo Clinic asserts that if diet and exercise is not sufficient to reduce blood sugar levels, insulin injections may be needed. The Mayo Clinic further explains that between 10 and 20 percent of women with gestational diabetes require the use of insulin to reach their blood sugar goals. Additionally, the Mayo Clinic asserts that some doctors choose to prescribe oral insulin to patients but suggests that additional research is needed to confirm that oral drugs are as safe and effective as injected insulin treatments.