The signs and symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) include difficulty swallowing, dry cough, chest pain, heartburn, food regurgitation, hoarseness or the feeling of a lump in the throat, as stated by Mayo Clinic. Chest pain may occur alongside other symptoms, such as breath shortness and jaw pain, which requires immediate medical attention.
GERD is a digestive system condition that occurs when stomach acid flows back to the esophagus due to a muscle problem. The common symptom is a heartburn, which feels like a burning pain in the chest. Patients with GERD may taste stomach content in the back of the mouth, as stated by the National Institutes of Health's MedlinePlus. In some cases, a patient may not experience heartburn, but may have difficulty swallowing, asthma symptoms and dry cough. Anyone, including children, can get GERD, which can lead to other health conditions if not treated properly.
The best approach is to prevent GERD and this can be achieved by making lifestyle changes, as stated by MedlinePlus. This include putting on loose-fitting clothes, avoiding eating just before going to bed, eating smaller meals, losing weight for those people who are overweight, avoiding alcohol and avoiding heartburn triggers, such as spicy, acidic or fatty foods.