Common symptoms of gastroschisis include a visible lump in the abdomen and intestines that stick through the abdominal wall located near the umbilical cord, according to MedlinePlus. Gastroschisis, a type of hernia, occurs when babies have a hole in the abdominal wall.
Gastroschisis is diagnosed based on a physical examination of the newborn, explains MedlinePlus. Newborn and unborn babies often have issues with absorption in the gut and movement because the intestine is unprotected and exposed to amniotic fluid. The condition is common among babies when the mother has too much amniotic fluid, often identified by a prenatal ultrasound.
The primary treatment for gastroschisis is surgery, according to MedlinePlus. Surgeons close the defect by inserting the bowel back into the abdomen. Babies who have abdominal cavities that are too small often require a mesh sack that is stitched around the edges and borders of the defect area of the intestines. Once the baby grows and develop, the herniated intestine naturally returns into the abdominal cavity to close the hole in the intestines or abdominal wall. Babies with gastroschisis are often given antibiotics and nutrients by an IV to avoid infections. The exposed intestine often allows body heat to escape, so physicians carefully control the baby's temperature during treatment.