Pain, swelling and bruising are common symptoms of a fractured pelvis, according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Individuals with fractures resulting from a high-energy injury may also suffer head, chest, stomach or leg injuries, and significant bleeding.
Profuse bleeding may lead to shock if not treated immediately; thus, it is crucial to seek prompt medical assistance to stabilize the injuries and take the injured person to a trauma center, notes the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. For a painful, bruised or swollen broken pelvis, it helps to bend the hip or knee in a particular position to reduce pain.
Doctors perform X-rays to diagnose pelvic fractures from varying angles and examine dislocation of bones, states the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. They also order a computed tomography scan to determine the degree of injuries. Moreover, doctors check the leg blood vessels and nerves for injuries.
Stable fractures, especially the avulsion fracture common in athletes, usually heal without the need for surgery, says the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Patients must use a walker or a pair of crutches and avoid putting weight on the affected leg for up to three months. Due to considerable bleeding, surgical treatment is necessary for pelvic fractures caused by high-energy trauma. Fractures generally heal well upon successful treatment, although patients limp when walking for several months.