Symptoms of a fallen or prolapsed bladder include pain in the pelvis, tender and bleeding tissue protruding from the vagina, frequent bladder infections and lower back pain, according to WebMD. Some women may also experience difficulty urinating or urine leakage when exerting themselves, coughing or sneezing.
When a bladder has fallen or prolapsed, women may experience pain during intercourse and a heavy feeling in the bladder immediately after urinating, as if the bladder is not empty, states WebMD.
A fallen or prolapsed bladder is often caused by straining, menopause or childbirth, according to WebMD. During childbirth, stress is placed on the tissues and muscles of the vagina, which helps support the bladder. The strain can weaken or loosen the front wall of the vagina that supports the bladder. Heavy lifting, violent coughing and straining during bowel movements can also cause the vaginal muscles and tissues to weaken, providing less support for the bladder.
Many women experience a prolapsed or fallen bladder during menopause because a lack of estrogen is produced, states WebMD. Estrogen helps maintain the health and strength of the vaginal muscles and a lack of this hormone, along with deterioration of the muscles with age, can cause a prolapsed or fallen bladder.