An individual with fallen arch, also known as tibial tendon dysfunction, may need surgery if foot pain does not improve after six months of conservative treatment, according to Mayo Clinic. Early treatment lessens the likelihood of needing surgery, as the tendon continues to deteriorate over time.
Conservative treatments include applying cold packs to the affected area several times each day for 20 minutes at a time, decreasing activities that exacerbate the foot pain, losing weight, taking nonsteriodal anti-inflammatory medicine and doing low-impact physical activity, according to Mayo Clinic. People with fallen arches may also be instructed to wear orthotics, a walking boot or a short leg cast.
A physical therapist or medical professional can show stretches to perform that can ease pain or discomfort during foot-based activities, according to WebMD. An individual with fallen arch should treat risk factors that can worsen the condition, such as high blood pressure, diabetes and obesity. The individual should make an appointment with a doctor if the foot pain is severe.
Possible surgery procedures include cleaning the protective coverings of tendons, fusing together foot or ankle bones, and removing bone spurs, according to WebMD. Additional surgery options available include altering the shape of the bone, adding tendons from the body to the foot and grafting bone onto the foot.