Intermittent, shooting facial pain is the characteristic symptom of facial neuralgia, also known as trigeminal neuralgia, according to WebMD. Pain normally affects one side of the cheek or jaw and may also be present around the eyes, lips, scalp, nose and forehead.Continue Reading
Pain associated with trigeminal neuralgia is severe and may create a stabbing or electric shock-like sensation, occurring suddenly and lasting for several seconds, confirms WebMD. Some patients experience pain on both sides of the face at different times, and activities such as brushing teeth, applying makeup, swallowing or touching the face can bring it on. Attacks of pain may repeat or occur intermittently, potentially lasting for days, weeks or even months. They may also reappear after stopping for months or years.
Trigeminal neuralgia occurs when an injury, nerve disorder, infection or other condition affects the trigeminal nerve, one of the head's largest nerves responsible for transmitting pain, touch and pressure signals to the facial area, according to WebMD. The disoder is more common in patients age 50 and older. As of 2015, a diagnostic test is not available for the condition, but magnetic resonance imaging and other tests can help rule out tumors and other facial disorders. Certain antiseizure drugs can relieve trigeminal neuralgia pain.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases