Most cases of eye pressure do not show any symptoms, states WebMD. A patient requires regular visits to an ophthalmologist to prevent damage to the optic nerve due to high pressure. Regular eye exams are important for those people who are likely to develop high pressure, such as people over 65 years old and African-Americans. The doctor uses a tonometer to examine the eye and determine the overall health of the eye.
Medically known as ocular hypertension, eye pressure occurs when the pressure inside the eye increases past the normal level, explains the American Academy of Ophthalmology. This condition is different from glaucoma, which is an eye disease commonly caused by high pressure. However, ocular hypertension patients require regular tests to ensure they do not get glaucoma. Eye pressure increases slowly as a patient ages.
High pressure inside the eye occurs due to poor drainage of fluid in the eye, explains WebMD. The channels that drain fluid in the eye do not function effectively. Therefore, the eye continually produces more fluids but the drainage is poor, leading to high pressure.
People with high risk for suffering from glaucoma and those with symptoms of optic nerve damage require medical treatment. Treatment differs from one patient to another depending on an individual condition. There is no cure for ocular hypertension, says the American Optometric Association.