Common symptoms of Epstein-Barr virus include fatigue, fever, inflamed throat, swollen lymph nodes, enlarged spleen, swollen liver and rash, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It is important to note that children infected with Epstein-Barr virus often do not present with these symptoms, so it is difficult to properly diagnose.
Epstein-Barr virus is a herpes virus and is one of the most common human viruses in the world, states the CDC. Since Epstein-Barr virus spreads easily through bodily fluids, such as saliva, most people become infected with this virus at some point in their lives. This virus also spreads through blood during sexual intercourse, organ transplantation and blood transfusions. It causes infectious mononucleosis and several other illnesses.
Symptoms of Epstein-Barr virus do not always present themselves immediately once a person becomes infected. Infected individuals can shed the virus for weeks before they notice any symptoms, reports the CDC. The virus enters a latent state once it has infected an individual, and it may reactivate at any time. This reactivation does not always cause symptoms to reappear, but the infected individual still spreads the virus to others in this period. Since there is no treatment for Epstein-Barr virus, it is important to avoid sharing personal items with others who have the virus.