Typical symptoms of Epstein-Barr infections, commonly known as mononucleosis, include swollen neck glands, muscle aches, fever, sore throat and rash, according to WebMD. Inappetence and fatigue are often present. The spleen and liver may be enlarged, and the tonsils may have pale discolorations.
Blood tests are used to determine if antibodies or white blood cells are present, indicating the individual’s immune system is attempting to fight off the virus, states WebMD. The fatigue caused by mononucleosis may last for months, although the individual usually feels better within a month. In rare cases, the Epstein-Barr virus causes Guillain-Barre syndrome; Burkitt's lymphoma; certain cancers of the nose and throat; and diarrhea and ear infections in children.
Epstein-Barr virus is contained in saliva and spread between an infected individual and others who share items contaminated with the virus-laden saliva, explains WebMD. It can also be transmitted during an organ transplant, blood transfusion and sexual intercourse. Many people have the Epstein-Barr virus but are asymptomatic. Because the virus remains in the blood long after an infected person recovers, the contagious factors are still operative, and it is possible to transmit the virus while showing no symptoms of an active infection. No medicinal cure exists for mononucleosis. Rest, hydration and painkillers are the recommended treatments for easing symptoms.