The most common symptoms of endometriosis include excessive genital bleeding, pain while eliminating waste, pain with intercourse, painful periods and infertility, explains Mayo Clinic. Other possible symptoms include diarrhea, nausea, fatigue and constipation. These problems are often worse during a menstrual period.
Endometriosis is often a very painful condition, but the level of discomfort it causes is not a reliable indicator of the extent of the condition, states Mayo Clinic. Endometriosis varies in how it affects the body, but in all cases, it is a condition in which the tissue that grows along the inside of the uterus every month also has abnormal growth outside the uterus. Like the endometrial lining of the uterus, the body also tries to shed the tissue during each menstrual period, but it is unable to do so. Endometriosis can affect the bowel or the ovaries, and in rare cases, it extends into other parts of the body. Over time, endometriosis can cause the formation of scar tissue and abnormal adhesions between internal organs.
Treatment for endometriosis can include both medication and surgery, depending on its severity, according to Mayo Clinic. Medications can include pain relievers, hormone blockers and hormonal contraceptives. Surgery can include just the removal of abnormal endometrial tissue, but it can be extreme enough to include the removal of the uterus, cervix and both ovaries.