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What are the symptoms of endocrine myopathies?

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Quick Answer

The symptoms of endocrine myopathies include cramps, stiff muscles, reduction of muscle volume at the shoulders and hips, and muscle breakdown if the condition is especially severe, according to the Muscular Dystrophy Association. A myopathy typically weakens muscle tissue, but it does not destroy it.

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What are the symptoms of endocrine myopathies?
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Full Answer

Endocrine myopathy occurs when hormone production errors cause muscle to weaken, according to Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of NewYork-Presbyterian. Hormones regulate many systems in the body, including the functioning of muscle tissue, and the overproduction or underproduction of hormones that affect that tissue may weaken it. One theory holds that the root cause of the production imbalance is a viral or bacterial infection, but there is no consensus as of 2015.

Hyperthyroid endocrine myopathy is a condition in which the immune system attacks the thyroid gland, greatly increasing production of thyroxine, a key muscle-regulating hormone, as Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of NewYork-Presbyterian explains. Treatment consists of returning the level of thyroxine to its normal range with medicines or surgery, and it is typically highly effective. Symptoms include episodes of paralysis, atrophy of hip and shoulder muscles, and difficulty with controlling eye and eyelid movements. Hypothyroid endocrine myopathy is a condition in which the production of thyroxine is lower than normal. Its symptoms include cramps; stiffness throughout the body; and weakness in arm and leg muscles, and unlike hyperthyroid endocrine myopathy, it can eventually cause muscle tissue to break down.

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