Although there are many different types of electrolytes loss or imbalance, some common symptoms shared by most can include seizures, lethargic states, confusion, vomiting, dark colored urine, tiredness and arrhythmia. Electrolytes are chemicals that are important for the regulation and proper functioning of the body. Some electrolytes needed by the body are calcium, chloride, magnesium, potassium and sodium, as noted by Healthline.
The body obtains these electrolytes from foods and fluids. Electrolyte loss can occur when the body loses fluids through sweating, fevers and severe bouts of either vomiting or loose stool. The loss of body fluids can lead to dehydration that causes the symptom of dark colored urine.
Because there are different electrolytes, there can also be different symptoms associated with specific types of electrolyte losses or imbalances. For example, extremely low levels of calcium can cause symptoms such as neurological problems, dry skin, brittle nails, cramping muscle in the lower extremities and a tingling sensation in the feet and fingers, notes Merck Manual. Treatment for low calcium levels or hypocalcemia may require that a patient takes calcium supplements for resolving these symptoms.
Another type of electrolyte imbalance can be due to severe hyponatremia, which is when sodium blood levels are very low. In addition to the shared symptoms previously mentioned, the symptoms of hyponatremia are irritability, headaches and possible coma. A treatment option for this condition is sodium replacement through IV fluids, as noted by Mayo Clinic.