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What are the symptoms of dyslipidemia?

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There are no symptoms directly associated with dyslipidemia, explains MyHIVClinic.org. However, the condition can increase the risk of developing peripheral arterial disease, which can produce numbness, pain or a sensation of heaviness in the legs while moving. Peripheral arterial disease can also cause cramps in the legs, feet or buttocks.

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Dyslipidemia also places patients at an increased risk of coronary artery disease, which has symptoms such as shortness of breath and chest pain, notes MyHIVClinic.org. Although dyslipidemia patients with either peripheral arterial disease or coronary artery disease may exhibit the common symptoms of those diseases, it is also possible for patients to have either disease without experiencing any symptoms.

Dyslipidemia is a medical term for high cholesterol, explains Johns Hopkins Medicine. The condition occurs when patients have an unfavorable balance of low-density lipoprotein, or LDL, high-density lipoprotein, or HDL, and triglycerides in their blood. LDL is commonly known as the "bad cholesterol" because it is the type of cholesterol responsible for arterial plaque buildup. HDL, on the other hand, is the "good cholesterol" because it transports harmful cholesterol to the liver so it can exit the body. Triglycerides exist in animal fats and vegetable oils, and high levels of them can also cause plaque to accumulate inside of the arteries.

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