Symptoms of a dislocated coccyx include bruising, pain and tenderness around the tailbone; painful bowel movements; and increased pain when sitting for long periods of time, WebMD reports. Common causes of a dislocated coccyx include accidental falls, sports-related injuries or repetitive-motion strains.
Treatment options for a dislocated coccyx include applying an ice pack to the injured area for 20 minutes, four times a day, suggests WebMD. Over-the-counter medications such ibuprofen or aspirin can help reduce swelling and pain. In addition, redistribution of weight when sitting reduces stress on the tailbone, as does sitting on cushioned surfaces when possible. Inflatable cushions or pillows help create cushioned surfaces.
If over-the-counter medications fail to relieve pain and swelling, physicians may prescribe more potent pain medications, reports WebMD. Local anesthetics can also help relieve pain. In most cases, the recovery time for a dislocated coccyx is several weeks.
Surgically removing the coccyx, though rare, can reduce pain and discomfort when medications and other treatment options fail to help the coccyx heal, explains BoneAndSpine.com.
To prevent the occurrence or reduce the impact of a coccyx injury, people should wear protective padding when participating in sports-related activities where the potential for a tailbone injury exists, suggests WebMD.