Symptoms of bone diseases include bone pain, stiffness, bone fractures and swelling, state Healthline and Mayo Clinic. Specific symptoms depend on the particular bone disease. Bone diseases include osteoporosis, osteomalacia, Paget’s disease and osteomyelitis.
Osteoporosis occurs when bones decrease in density and strength, resulting in fragile bones, reports MedicineNet. Early stages may cause no symptoms until the condition weakens bones, states Mayo Clinic. Symptoms include back pain, weight loss, bone fractures and a stooped posture.
Osteomalacia is softening of bones and typically occurs from vitamin D deficiency, notes Mayo Clinic. Unlike osteoporosis, which affects the process of bone formation, osteomalacia involves weakening of already-formed bones. Symptoms include muscle weakness and aching pain in body parts such as the hips, legs, lower back and ribs.
Paget’s disease is a skeleton condition characterized by abnormal breakdown of bone and abnormal bone formation, says Healthline. Some people have no symptom, but if present, they may include stiffness, hearing loss, deformities and sensory problems. Patients may experience increased calcium levels, especially if this condition affects multiple bones, causing fatigue, constipation and loss of appetite.
Osteomyelitis or bone infection occurs when fungi or bacteria invade a bone and can happen suddenly or over time, reports Healthline. Symptoms include fever, stiffness, redness and swelling in the affected area. Patients should clean wounds or cuts in the skin and use proper footwear to avoid injuries.