Some symptoms of a diaphragmatic hernia in adults include difficulty breathing, skin discoloration, rapid pulse rate, rapid breathing, absent breath sounds, bowel sounds in the chest and less full abdomen, notes Healthline. The symptoms of this condition vary from one patient to another depending on the cause and severity.
A diaphragmatic hernia is a condition that occurs when the abdominal organs move upwards into the chest through a hole in the diaphragm, according to Healthline. A person can get this condition at birth or later in life. It is a medical emergency and the treatment involves a surgical operation.
This condition occurs due to an irregular growth of the diaphragm during fetus formation. This results in an opening in the baby's diaphragm that allows the abdominal organs to occupy space for the lungs, leading to the poor development of the lungs. In many cases, the condition only affects one lung.
A diaphragmatic hernia that occurs later in life occurs due to a penetrating or blunt injury. Surgery on the abdomen may also cause damage to the diaphragm, leading to the disease, states Healthline. Risk factors that can cause a diaphragmatic hernia include stab wounds, gunshot wounds and falls, as well as surgical procedures.