Symptoms of ovarian cancer may include a sensation of bloating in the abdominal area, abnormal vaginal discharge or bleeding, and pain in the back, pelvic and abdominal areas, reports the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Other symptoms include frequent urination, constipation, pain during intercourse, weight loss and changes in the menstrual cycle, states the American Cancer Society. Sometimes early stage ovarian cancer does not display any symptoms, notes Mayo Clinic.Continue Reading
Most signs of ovarian cancer are also symptoms of other noncancerous maladies, but when ovarian cancer causes them, they tend to be abnormal and persistent, according to the American Cancer Society. After a physical examination to detect enlarged ovaries or excess abdominal fluids, doctors often refer women to specialists known as gynecologic oncologists. These doctors perform imaging tests such as ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging scans and computed tomography scans to find masses that may be cancerous. To definitively diagnose cancer, doctors perform biopsies of suspicious growths.
Doctors may treat early stage ovarian cancer by removing only one fallopian tube and ovary, explains Mayo Clinic. Surgery for advanced ovarian cancer may involve the removal of both fallopian tubes and ovaries, the uterus, and nearby abdominal tissue and lymph nodes. Doctors may also treat patients with chemotherapy before or after surgery.Learn more about Cancer