The first congestive heart failure symptoms patients tend to notice is unusual weight gain, severe fatigue, swelling in the legs, ankles and feet, and an increased frequency in urination, especially at night, according to Healthline. More severe symptoms include lung congestion that causes wheezing and coughing, and an irregular heartbeat.Continue Reading
Congestive heart failure is a condition caused by the heart not pumping blood properly through its chambers, Healthline states. Blood and other fluids back up and create swelling in the lungs, abdomen, liver and lower body. Patients develop congestive heart failure as the result of other conditions, such as coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, and heart valves that don't open and close properly.
Patients are often treated with medications such as beta blockers to lower blood pressure, diuretics to manage excess fluids and ACE inhibitors, which open up arteries and increase blood flow, Healthline reports. Sometimes surgery to repair heart valves or angioplasty, a procedure that opens up blood vessels, is an option.
The prognosis of patients with congestive heart failure can be good if they respond well to medications or surgery, Healthline says. The disease can be complicated by other medical conditions, however, such as diabetes or unregulated high blood pressure.Learn more about Cardiac Health