Common symptoms caused by colon issues include inflammation, bloody diarrhea, a fever and stomach pain, states WebMD. Different colon conditions give rise to different symptoms.
Colitis is a condition in which the colon is inflamed due to inflammatory bowel disease or an infection. Another inflammatory condition is Crohn's disease, which affects the colon and the intestines, says WebMD. Abdominal pain and bloody diarrhea are common symptoms of Crohn's disease. Ulcerative colitis also frequently results in bloody diarrhea. This condition affects the colon and rectum.
Shigellosis is caused by the bacteria Shigella, which contaminates food and infects the colon. Symptoms of Shigellosis include fever, stomach pains and potentially bloody diarrhea, explains WebMD.
Different tests for colon issues include a colonoscopy or virtual colonoscopy and a colon biopsy. In a colonoscopy, an endoscope is inserted through the rectum and into the colon. Doctors use this method to examine the entire colon. During this process, the doctor may remove a small piece of colon tissue for further testing, says WebMD.
An X-ray machine creates images of the colon on a computer in a virtual colonoscopy. If the physician sees any problems in the images, he performs a traditional colonoscopy, adds WebMD. Common treatments for colon conditions are stool softeners, antibiotics and probiotics.