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What are the symptoms of chronic renal parenchymal disease?

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The most common symptoms of chronic renal parenchymal disease include fatigue, itching, muscle cramp, foamy urine, abnormal urine colour, loss of appetite, hypertension, and nausea and vomiting. If patients have chronic kidney disease, their kidney function is damaged gradually. There is no cure for this type of renal parenchymal disease, notes Kidney Disease Symptoms.

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Renal parenchyma is a medical condition involving tissues, and renal parenchymal disease occurs when part of a kidney's cells are damaged, and kidney function gradually declines. This disease causes kidney scarring which can be seen on an ultrasound, states Kidney Treatment.

Long-term diabetes and hypertension are the most common causes of renal parenchymal disease. If a patient's renal parenchymal disease is caused by either of these, care should be taken to control her blood glucose and blood pressure through medication and diet, explains Kidney Treatment.

Other causes of renal parenchymal disease include bacteria, viruses and kidney stones. Genetic factors can also cause the disease, and polycistic kidney disease is a typical example of this, states Kidney Disease Symptoms.

Medicine plays a major role in treating renal parenchymal disease, and hormone medicines are often used to treat an inflammatory reaction in the kidney. Blood purification helps to remove metabolic waste and toxins from the body and is an important aspect in treating the disease, notes Kidney Disease Symptoms.

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