Symptoms of chronic Epstein-Barr virus can take four to six weeks to develop and often include fever, a sore throat, a rash, swollen glands in the neck, weakness and sore muscles, according to WebMD. Patients also experience fatigue and a lack of appetite. Children with the Epstein-Barr virus exhibit symptoms similar to the cold or flu.
Many people carry the Epstein-Barr virus but do not develop symptoms or get sick, explains WebMD. The virus is known for causing mononucleosis and is spread through saliva. People can contract the virus through kissing, sharing an infected person's toothbrush or drinking from the same glass as a person infected with the condition. Epstein-Barr virus can also be spread from an organ transplant, blood transfusion or sex because the virus is found in semen and blood.
Some people carry the virus for months or years after recovering from mononucleosis and can become contagious without knowing it when the virus reactivates, according to WebMD. The virus does not respond to antibiotics. Home remedies to treat Epstein-Barr virus include rest, fluids to remain hydrated, and cold ice pops or lozenges to relieve pain from a sore throat. Patients can also take ibuprofen or acetaminophen to reduce fever and minimize body aches associated with the virus.