The symptoms of childhood diabetes include extreme thirst, frequent urination, dry mouth, fatigue and irritability. They also include intense hunger, weight loss, yeast infections and blurred vision, explains Mayo Clinic. Both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes occur in children and produce very similar symptoms, although the treatments for the two conditions are different.
Type 1 diabetes is a condition where a person's pancreas does not produce enough insulin for the body; as a result, the body cannot process sugar properly, according to Mayo Clinic. The onset of symptoms for Type 1 diabetes in children can be very rapid. It is caused when the body's immune system attacks and destroys the parts of the pancreas that release insulin. The cause for this immune response is unknown. Type 1 diabetes is treated through the administration of intravenous insulin and careful management of diet.
Type 2 diabetes is a condition where, rather than the body failing to produce insulin, a person's cells become resistant to it, notes WebMD. In children, risk factors for this condition include obesity, a family history of diabetes, being a girl and being part of certain ethnic groups. This condition is also treated through diet but requires special medications other than insulin and regular exercise.