The symptoms of cerebral bleeding might include a sudden, severe headache, speech disturbances, balance problems and vision problems, according to MedicineNet. However, a headache is not always present, as the brain cannot feel pain.
Bleeding in the parts of the brain that control functions like vision and balance affect the functions controlled by the bleeding areas, notes MedicineNet. The patient sometimes experiences numbness, weakness, speech difficulties or sudden seizures. He might have trouble understanding, writing or reading, have difficulty swallowing, and have paralysis on one side of the body, states Cleveland Clinic. If the bleed happens in the patient's brainstem, he might lapse into a coma.
Symptoms happen very quickly or slowly, explains MedicineNet. When they come on slowly, they worsen over hours or days.
After cerebral bleeding is diagnosed, the patient is monitored closely, according to MedicineNet. His blood pressure and breathing are stabilized, and he may be put on a ventilator. His oxygen levels, his heartbeat and the pressure inside his skull are also closely watched. If he is unconscious, he is administered nutrients and medications intravenously. If he is conscious, the doctor may prescribe pain medications. Surgery may or may not be performed to treat the bleed.