A calcified aorta, also known as aortic stenosis, is marked by the following symptoms: chest pain as the heart struggles to pump enough blood through the narrowed passage, fatigue, shortness of breath after extraneous activity, heart palpitations, and a heart murmur, says Healthline. Infants or young children may have no symptoms at all or show different symptoms, some of which may include not eating properly or losing significant weight. Infants may also have chronic shortness of breath.
A cardiologist performs a variety of tests to make a proper diagnosis, explains Healthline. Some of these tests include a magnetic resonance imaging scan that replicates images of internal body structures; cardiac catheterization, which involves the use of a dye to point out any blockages in the heart; and the use of video images of the heart by a test known as an echocardiogram. Other tests include a chest X-ray and a computed tomography scan.
Medications cannot cure aortic stenosis, but they are used to treat some of the symptoms caused by the condition and relieve strain on the heart, according to Healthline. Ultimately, a patient may need surgery to replace or repair the blocked valve. If the valve needs to be replaced, open heart surgery is necessary.